Overview of courses taught in English 2019-2020
EXFLL3 Comparative Research Project, FLL (10 ECTS) 
Course facts
Course codeEXFLL3
Course titleComparative Research Project, FLL
Course languageEnglish
Academic responsibleElisabeth Kjeldahl Nilsson
Teaching semesterFall

This course builds on the module EXFLL1 and EXFLL2 and provides students with a better understanding of friluftsliv and how it is related to outdoor education and recreation in the student's home country. The course provides the students with an opportunity to identify, explore, compare and reflect on a topic of special interest, by developing a research project. The project should address one or more of the following: cultural, historical, or pedagogical issues.

Learning outcome

Students shall:

  • be able to demonstrate an understanding of, and critically analyse with reference to relevant theory, cross-cultural similarities and differences in friluftsliv and outdoor education and recreation
  • be able to demonstrate applied understanding of research processes and scientific knowledge construction
  • be able to demonstrate enhanced skills for academic writing and presentation
Course organization

The project consists of a self-organised research study and development of an academic presentation. The work is to be carried out individually or in small groups, as decided by the teaching staff. There will be classroom sessions including lectures, presentations by students and group discussions. In addition, each group/student is given 3 hours of guidance related to the chosen topic, research questions and design, theoretical approach, and relevant literature.


Students must submit and present an academic presentation of the chosen topic. All sources must be accurately cited and referenced using APA format(cf. www.nih.no). The presentation is graded A-F.

All papers submitted via WISEflow will be run through Urkund for plagiarism control.

Core material


1 DIGITAL COMPENDIUM - through Canvas:
Rosenberg, A. (Ed.). (2019). EXFLL3: Comparative Research Project: Fall 2019. (Digital compendium). Oslo: Norges idrettshøgskole.
** This PDF is available through Canvas.

The Reference list for the Digital Compendium, alphabetical in APA-standard:
Bartlett, S., Burton, D. & Peim, N. (2001). Social perspectives on education. In: S. Bartlett, D. Burton & N. Peim, Introduction to education studies. (pp. 166-173). London: Paul Chapman.

Gurholt, K. P. (2016). Friluftsliv: Nature-friendly adventures for all. In: B. Humberstone, H. Prince & K. Henderson (Eds.), Routledge international handbook of outdoor studies. (pp. 288-296). London: Routledge

Gåsdal, O. (2007). Norwegians and friluftsliv: Are we unique? In: B. Henderson & N. O. Vikander (Eds.), Nature first: Outdoor life the friluftsliv way. (pp. 75-82) Toronto: Natural Heritage Book.

Maher, P. T. (2016). Ecotourism: Outdoor pedagogy at the periphery. In: B. Humberstone, H. Prince & K. Henderson (Eds.), Routledge international handbook of outdoor studies. (pp. 472-481). London and New York: Routledge

Vikander, N. O. (2008). Feet on two continents: Spanning the Atlantic with Friluftsliv? In: B. Henderson & N. O. Vikander (Eds.), Nature first: Outdoor life the friluftsliv way. (pp 8-20). Toronto: Natural Heritage Books.


NB! To open electronic articles off campus, you must use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

Backman, E. (2008). What is valued in friluftsliv within PE teacher education? Swedish PE teacher educatiors' thoughts about friluftsliv analysed through the perspective of Pierre Bourdieu. Sport, Education and Society, 13(1), 61-76.
* The article is available online: Click here to download

Fredman, P., & Tyrväinen, L. (2010). Frontiers in nature‐based tourism. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 10(3), 177-189.  doi: 10.1080/15022250.2010.502365
* The article is available online: Click here to download


Andkjaer, S. (2009). Outdoor education in New Zealand: A comparative and cultural perspective. Paper presented at "Outdoor education research and theory: critical reflections, new directions", the 4th International Outdoor Education Research Conference, La Trobe University, Beechworth, Victoria, Australia, 15-18 April. Retrieved 9. May 2019 from https://www.latrobe.edu.au/education/downloads/2009_conference_andkjaer.pdf
* It is available online: Click here to download.

Martin, P. (2004). Outdoor education for human/nature relationships. Retreived 9. May 2019 from http://www.latrobe.edu.au/education/downloads/martin_p_human_nature_relationships.pdf
* It is available online: Click here to downolad.

In addition to the listed literature additional 2-4 articles will added to the curriculum

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