TI200 Sports Coaching 1: Coaching children and youth (10 ECTS) 

Course facts

Course code
TI200
Course title
Sports Coaching 1: Coaching children and youth
ECTS
10 ECTS
Semester
Fall
Course language
English
Academic responsible
Siv Gjesdal

Introduction

The course is an introduction to coaching children and youth with a special emphasis on barriers and opportunities for sports participation and development. The course will give the students a theoretical understanding of the psycho-social processes underpinning development and learning in order to inform a pedagogical basis for their involvement in youth sport contexts. The focus will be on sociocultural and psycho-social perspectives on athlete development and coaching.

Learning outcomes

After completing the course, students should be able to

  • critically evaluate systems of athlete and talent development in children and youth sport settings.
  • reflect upon how the context shape and enable sport activities for children and youth.
  • identify the potential outcomes of sport participation for children and youths and explain how these can be achieved.
  • consider aspects related to maturation, psycho-social and motivational aspects when designing sport activities for children and youths.
  • describe patterns of youth sport participation, particularly within the sport context in Norway.
  • discuss the experience of marginalized groups in sports coaching and athlete development, such as athletes with disabilities and immigrant girls.

Learning styles and activities

The structure of the course will be a combination of preparation for and participation in lectures and discussions (120 hours, including 40 hours of lectures), individual and group assignments (110 hours), and seminar activities including student presentations (20 hours).

Mandatory assignment

In order to be permitted to do the final exam, students must pass three individual written assignments.

  • The first two have a 500-word limit, excluding references, 12 p Times New Roman, double line spacing, APA-standard of referencing.
  • The final one is a group assignment, with a 3500-word limit, excluding references, 12 p Times New Roman, double line spacing, APA-standard of referencing.

Papers that exceed the word limit or does not follow the guidelines for formatting or referencing will not be evaluated. The assignments must be submitted in a pdf-format in Canvas at the given date and time. 

Assessment

One week individual written assignment. Grading (A-F).

  • 2500-word limit, excluding references, 12 p Times New Roman, double line spacing, APA-standard of referencing.

Core material

2 BOOKS:
Book 1
:
Baker, J., Cobley, S. & Schorer, J. (Eds.). (2020). Talent identification and development in sport: International perspectives. Routledge.
* You will find the book in the Library here: ORIA
** The book is also available electronic/online: Click here to download.
*** NB! To open the electronic book off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

Book 2:
Stafford, I. (Ed.) (2011). Coaching children in sport. Routledge.
* You will find the book in the Library here: ORIA
** The book is also available electronic/online: Click here to download.
*** NB! To open the electronic book off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


PART 1: THE CHILD AND YOUTH ATHLETE:
- Understanding context: Coaching children and youth in Norwegian sports:

2 chapters from book 2, on top of this list
:
Lyle, J. (2011). What is a coach and what is coaching? In I. Stafford (Ed.), Coaching children in sport (pp. 5-16). Routledge.

Muir, B., Morgan, G., Abrahams, A. & Morley, D. (2011). Developmentally appropriate approaches to coaching children. In I. Stafford (Ed.), Coaching children in sport (pp. 17-37). Routledge.

1 chapter from book 1, on top of this list:
Bjørndal, C. T., & Ronglan, L. T. (2020). Athlete development in Norwegian handball. In J. Baker, S. Cobley, & J. Schorer (Eds.), Talent identification and development in sport (2nd ed.) (pp. 101-114). Routledge.

- Catering to subgroups: athletes with disabilities, girls and ethnic minorities:

2 chapters from book 2, on top of this list:
Black, K. (2011). Coaching disabled children in sport. In I. Stafford (Ed.), Coaching children in sport (pp. 197-212). Routledge.

Jeanes, R. (2011). Girls in sport. In I. Stafford (Ed.), Coaching children in sport (pp. 215-226). Routledge.

1 electronic article:
Gjesdal, S. & Hedenborg, S. (2021). Engaging minority girls in organized youth sport in Norway: A case study of a project that worked. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 3(374). https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2021.781142
* This article is available online: Click here to download.
** NB! To open this electronic article off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

- Maturation and athlete development:

1 chapter from book 1, on top of this list:
Cobley, S., Romann, M., Javet, M., Abbott, S. & Lovell, R. (2020). The shifting sands of time: Maturation and athlete development. In J. Baker, S. Cobley & J. Schorer (Eds.), Talent identification and development in sport: International perspectives (2nd ed.) (pp. 81-98). Routledge.

1 chapter from book 2, on top of this list:
Brewer, C. (2011). Physical and movement skill development. In I. Stafford (Ed.), Coaching children in sport (pp. 139-168). Routledge.

- Sport specialization and selection procedures:

3 electronic articles:
Baker, J., Schorer, J. & Wattie, N. (2018). Compromising talent: Issues in identifying and selecting talent in sport. Quest, 70(1), 48-63. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2017.1333438
* This article is available online: Click here to download.
** NB! To open this electronic article off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

Myer, G. D., Jayanthi, N., DiFiori, J. P., Faigenbaum, A. D., Kiefer, A. W., Logerstedt, D. & Micheli, L. J. (2015). Sport specialization, Part I: Does early sports specialization increase negative outcomes and reduce the opportunity for success in young athletes? Sports Health, 7(5), 437-442. https://doi.org/10.1177/1941738115598747
* This article is available online: Click here to download.
** NB! To open this electronic article off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

Myer, G. D., Jayanthi, N., DiFiori, J. P., Faigenbaum, A. D., Kiefer, A. W., Logerstedt, D. & Micheli, L. J. (2015). Sports specialization, Part II: Alternative solutions to early sport specialization in youth athletes. Sports Health, 8(1), 65-73. https://doi.org/10.1177/1941738115614811
* This article is available online: Click here to download.
** NB! To open this electronic article off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

- Participation and drop-out in sports:

1 chapter from book 2, on top of this list:
Malina, R. M. (2011). The health of young athletes. In I. Stafford (Ed.), Coaching children in sport (pp. 240-255). Routledge.

1 chapter from book 2, on top of this list:
Bruner, M., Strachan, L. & Cote, J. (2011). Developmental transitions in sport. In I. Stafford (Ed.), Coaching children in sport (pp. 84-96). Routledge.

Persson, M., Espedalen, L. E., Stefansen, K. & Strandbu, Å. (2020). Opting out of youth sports: How can we understand the social processes involved? Sport, Education and Society, 25(7), 842-854. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2019.1663811
* This article is available online: Click here to download.
** NB! To open this electronic article off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

- Motivational processes in youth sport:

2 electronic articles from journals:
Keegan, R., Spray, C., Harwood, C. & Lavallee, D. (2010). The motivational atmosphere in youth sport: Coach, parent, and peer influences on motivation in specializing sport participants. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22(1), 87-105. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200903421267.
* This article is available online: Click here to download.
** NB! To open this electronic article off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

Kipp, L. E. & Bolter, N. D. (2020). Motivational climate, psychological needs, and personal and social responsibility in youth soccer: Comparisons by age group and competitive level. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 51, 101756. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101756
* This article is available online: Click here to download.
** NB! To open this electronic article off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.


Part 2: Understanding the larger context surrounding the youth athlete
:
- Models of athlete development in sport:

1 chapter from book 1, on top of this list:
Baker, J. & Young, B. (2020). Talent development in sport: Moving beyond nature and nurture. In J. Baker, S. Cobley & J. Schorer (Eds.), Talent identification and development in sport: International perspectives (2nd ed.) (pp. 19-33). Routledge.

1 chapter from book 2, on top of this list:
Bailey, R., Toms, M., Collins, D., Ford, P., Macnamara, A. & Pearce, G. (2011). Models of young player development in sport. In I. Stafford (Ed.), Coaching children in sport (pp. 38-56). Routledge.

- The ecology of talent development in sport:

1 chapter from book 1, on top of this list:
Rothwell, M., Davids, K., Stone, J. A., Araújo, D. & Shuttleworth, R. (2020). The talent development process as enhancing athlete functionality: Creating forms of life in an ecological niche. In J. Baker, S. Cobley & J. Schorer (Eds.), Talent identification and development in sport: International perspectives (2nd ed.) (pp. 34-49). Routledge.

1 electronic article:
Bjørndal, C. T., Ronglan, L. T., & Andersen, S. S. (2015). Talent development as anecology of games: A case study of Norwegian handball. Sport, Education and Society, 22(7), 864-877. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2015.1087398
* This article is available online: Click here to download.
** NB! To open this electronic article off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

- The role and influence of the family in the development of athletes:

1 chapter from book 2, on top of this list:
Kay, T. & Bass, D. (2011). The family factor in coaching. In I. Stafford (Ed.), Coaching children in sport (pp. 169-180). Routledge.

1 electronic article from a journal:
Newport R. A., Knight, C. J. & Love, T. D. (2020). The youth football journey: Parents’ experiences and recommendations for support. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 13(6), 1006-1026. https://doi.org/10.1080/2159676X.2020.1833966
* This article is available online: Click here to download.
** NB! To open this electronic article off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Articles used in seminar activity and assignments: 

Seminar 1:
Macdonald, D., Kirk, D., Metzler, M., Nilges, L. M., Schemp, P. & Wright, J. (2002). It's all very well, in theory: Theoretical perspectives and their applications in contemporary pedagogical research. Quest, 54(2), 133-156. http://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2002.10491771
* This article is available online: Click here to download.
** NB! To open this electronic article off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

Seminar 2:
Norges idrettsforbund og olympiske komité. (2019). Idrettens barnerettigheter: Bestemmelser om barneidrett: Vedtatt av Idrettstinget i 2007: Revidert av Idrettstinget 2019 [Brosjyre]. https://flippage.impleoweb.no/dokumentpartner/55c4aa9f4ad9433e811dcc8ba7821c3b/82_19_Barneidrettsbestemmelsene_NO_HR.pdf#page=1
* This article is available online: Click here to download.

The Norwegian Olympic and Paralympic Committee and Confederation of Sports. (2019). Children’s rights in sports: The provisions on children’s sports: Adopted by the General Assembly of NIF in 2007: Revised by the General Assembly by NIF in 2019 [Brochure]. https://flippage.impleoweb.no/dokumentpartner/8a4ab125083149639ebc3b0c0c7cd0a5/82_19_Barneidrettsbestemmelsene_EN.pdf#page=1
* This article is available online: Click here to download.

Seminar 3:
Denison, J. (2019). What it really means to ‘Think Outside the Box’: Why Foucault matters for coach development. International Sport Coaching Journal, 6(3), 354-358. https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2018-0068
* This article is available online: Click here to download.
** NB! To open this electronic article off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

Seminar 4:
Fraser-Thomas, J. & Côté, J. (2009). Understanding adolescents’ positive and negative developmental experiences in sport. The Sport Psychologist, 23(1), 3-23. https://doi.org/10.1080/1740898042000334890
* This article is available online: Click here to download.
** NB! To open this electronic article off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

Seminar 5: 
Persson, M. (2022). Playing without goals: Gendered practices in recreational youth football. Journal of Youth Studies, 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/13676261.2021.2022641
* This article is available onlineClick here to download.
** NB! To open this electronic article off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

Anbefalt litteratur

SUGGESTED LITERATURE:

PARTS OF 1 BOOK (book no 2 on the top of the reading list):
Stafford, I. (Ed.). (2011). Coaching children in sport. Routledge.
Pages 97-108 and 123-138:
* You will find the book in the Library here: 
ORIA
** The book is also available electronic/online: Click here to download.
*** NB! To open the electronic book off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: 
Click here to download.

1 BOOK CHAPTER - available through Canvas:
Platts, C. & Smith, A. (2016). Health, well-being and the ‘logic’ of elite youth sport work. In K. Green & A. Smith (Eds.), Routledge handbook of youth sport (pp. 492-504). Routledge.
* This PDF is available through Canvas.
(Cleared through BOLK 11.06.22./ The Library - AGG)

7 ELECTRONIC ARTICLES FROM JOURNALS:

NB! To open the electronic articles off campus, you need to use the following VPN connection: Click here to download.

Bjørndal, C. T., Andersen, S. S. & Ronglan, L. T. (2017). Successful and unsuccessful transitions to the elite level: The youth national team pathways in Norwegian handball. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 13(4), 533-544. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954117740014
* This article is available online: Click here to download.

Bjørndal, C. T. & Ronglan, L. T. (2017). Orchestrating talent development: Youth players’ developmental experiences in Scandinavian team sports. Sports Coaching Review, 7(1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1080/21640629.2017.1317172
* This article is available online: Click here to download.

Côté, J. (1999). The Influence of the family in the development of talent in sport. The Sport Psychologist, 13(4), 395-417. https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.13.4.395
* This article is available online: Click here to download.

Crane, J. & Temple, V. (2015). A systematic review of dropout from organized sport among children and youth. European Physical Education Review, 21(1), 114-131. https://doi.org/10.1177/1356336X14555294
* This article is available online: Click here to download.

Henriksen, K., Stambulova, N., & Roessler, K. K. (2011). Riding the wave of an expert: A successful talent development environment in kayaking. Sport Psychologist, 25(3), 341-362. https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.25.3.341
* This article is available online: Click here to download.

Larsen, C. H., Alfermann, D. & Christensen, M. C. (2012). Psychosocial skills in a youth soccer academy: A holistic ecological perspective. Sport Science Review, 11(3-4), 51-74.
* This article is available online: Click here to download.

Storm, L. K., Henriksen, K., Larsen, C. H. & Christensen, M. K. (2014). Influential relationships as Ccntexts of learning and becoming elite: Athletes' retrospective interpretations. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 9(6), 1341-1356. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.9.6.1341
* This article is available online: Click here to download.