MA450 Assessment of physical activity and fitness (15 ECTS) 

Course facts

Course code
MA450
Course title
Assessment of physical activity and fitness
ECTS
15 ECTS
Semester
Fall
Course language
English
Academic responsible
Ulf Eklund

Introduction

The subject will introduce the students to various research-based methods for assessing physical activity and physical fitness in individuals and populations. Students are expected to acquire extensive theoretical and practical knowledge about the topic.

Learning outcomes

After completing the course the students shall be able to

  • extensively give an account of and know how to apply self-report and device-measured methods for assessing physical activity and field-based methods for assessing physical fitness in individuals and populations
  • provide an in-depth assessment of the strengths and limitations with assessment methods for physical activity and aerobic fitness
  • use programmes for data reduction of physical activity data
  • critically evaluate and recommend which method is best suited for different research purposes

Learning styles and activities

Student active learning methods including filed work, student presentations, seminars and interactive plenary lectures are planned. Specific data reductions programs will be introduced during a data lab.

Mandatory assignment

  • Group presentations, seminars and data labs are compulsory.
  • Attendance and active participation in the seminar is required, including the presentation of individual assignments / group assignments. 

Requirements must be approved before the final assessment.

Assessment

Students will conduct a small research project including data collections using various measurement methods for physical activity and/or physical fitness, data analyses and reporting.

The project report and oral presentation are assessed by grades A to F with the written report weighted as 75%.  

Core material

25 ELECTRONIC ARTICLES + 1 BOOK CHAPTER:

NB! To open electronic articles off campus, you must use the following VPN connection:
 Click here to download.

Atkin, A. J., Gorely, T., Clemes, S., Yates, T., Edwardson, C., Brage, S., Salmon, J., Marshall, S. J. & Biddle, S. J. H. (2012). Methods of measurement in epidemiology: Sedentary behaviour. International Journal of Epidemiology, 41(5), 1460-1471.
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Bluck, L. J. C. (2008). Doubly labelled water for the measurement of total energy expenditure in man: Progress and applications in the last decade. Nutrition Bulletin 33(2), 80-90. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-3010.2008.00695.x
* The arcticle is available as PDF in Canvas.
(OK based on §15 of the Copyright Law/ AGG - Bibl.)

Bakker, E. A., Hartman, Y. A. W., Hopman, M. T. E., Hopkins, N. D., Graves, L. E. F., Dunstan, D., Healy, G. N., Eijsvogels, T. & Thijssen D. H. J. (2020). Validity and reliability of subjective methods to assess sedentary behaviour in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity, 17(1), 75. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-020-00972-1
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Brage, S., Westgate, K., Franks, P. W., Stegle, O., Wright, A., Ekelund, U. & Wareham, N. J. (2015). Estimation of free-living energy expenditure by heart rate and movement sensing: A doubly-labelled water study. PLoS One, 10(9), e0137206. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137206
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Cain, K. L., Sallis, J. F., Conway, T. L., Van Dyck, D. & Calhoon, L. (2013). Using accelerometers in youth physical activity studies: A review of methods. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 10(3), 437-450. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.10.3.437
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Chinapaw, M. J., Mokkink, L. B., van Poppel, M. N., van, M. W. & Terwee, C. B. (2010). Physical activity questionnaires for youth: A systematic review of measurement properties. Sports Medicine, 40(7), 539-563. https://doi.org/10.2165/11530770-000000000-00000
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Doherty, A., Jackson, D., Hammerla, N., Plötz, T., Olivier, P., Granat, M. H., White, T., van Hees, V. T., Trenell, M. I., Owen, C. G., Preece, S. J., Gillions, R., Sheard, S., Peakman, T., Brage, S., & Wareham, N. J. (2017). Large scale population assessment of physical activity using wrist worn accelerometers: The UK Biobank study. PLoS One, 12(2), e0169649. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169649
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Dowd, K. P., Szeklicki, R., Minetto, M. A., Murphy, M. H., Polito, A., Ghigo, E., van der Ploeg, H., Ekelund, U., Maciaszek, J., Stemplewski, R., Tomczak, M. & Donnelly, A. E. (2018). A systematic literature review of reviews on techniques for physical activity measurement in adults: A DEDIPAC study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 15(1), 15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0636-2
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Evenson, K. R., Goto, M. M. & Furberg, R. D. (2015). Systematic review of the validity and reliability of consumer-wearable activity trackers. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 12(1), 159. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-015-0314-1
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Hagstromer, M., Ainsworth, B. E., Kwak, L. & Bowles, H. R. (2012). A checklist for evaluating the methodological quality of validation studies on self-report instruments for physical activity and sedentary behavior. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 9(Suppl 1.), S29-S36. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.9.s1.s29
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Helmerhorst, H. J., Brage, S., Warren, J., Besson, H. & Ekelund, U. (2012). A systematic review of reliability and objective criterion-related validity of physical activity questionnaires. International Journal of Behavior Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9, 103. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-9-103
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Hildebrand, M., van Hees, V. T., Hansen, B. H. & Ekelund, U. (2014). Age-group comparability of raw accelerometer output from wrist- and hip-worn monitors. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 46(9), 1816-1824. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000289
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Hildebrand, M., Hansen, B. H., van Hees, V. T. & Ekelund, U. (2017). Evaluation of raw acceleration sedentary thresholds in children and adults. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 27(12), 1814-1823. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12795
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Matthews, C. E., Hagstromer, M., Pober, D. M. & Bowles, H. R. (2012). Best practices for using physical activity monitors in population-based research. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(1 suppl.), S68-S76. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182399e5b
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Migueles, J. H., Cadenas-Sanchez, C., Ekelund, U., Delisle Nyström, C., Mora-Gonzalez, J., Löf, M., Labayen, I., Ruiz, J. R., & Ortega, F. B. (2017). Accelerometer data collection and processing criteria to assess physical activity and other outcomes: A systematic review and practical considerations. Sports Medicine, 47(9), 1821-1845. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0716-0
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Migueles, J. H., Aadland, E., Andersen, L. B., Brønd, J. C., Chastin, S. F., Hansen, B. H., Konstabel, K., Kvalheim, O. M., McGregor, D. E., Rowlands, A. V., Sabia, S., van Hees, V. T., Walmsley, R., Ortega, F. B., & External review group. (2021). GRANADA consensus on analytical approaches to assess associations with accelerometer-determined physical activity behaviours (physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep) in epidemiological studies. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 56(7), 376-384. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2020-103604 
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Nascimento-Ferreira, M. V., De Moraes, A., Toazza Oliveira, P. V., Rendo-Urteaga, T., Gracia-Marco, L., Forjaz, C., Moreno, L. A., & Carvalho, H. B. (2018). Assessment of physical activity intensity and duration in the paediatric population: Evidence to support an a priori hypothesis and sample size agreement between subjective and objective methods. Obesity Reviews, 19(6), 810-824. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12676
* The arcticle is available as PDF in Canvas.
(OK based on §15 of the Copyright Law/ AGG - Bibl.)

Ritchie, T., Trost, S.G., Brown, W. & Armit, C. (2005). Reliability and validity of physical fitness field tests for adults aged 50 to 75 years. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sports, 8(1), 61-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1440-2440(05)80025-8
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Rowlands, A. V., Yates, T., Olds, T. S, Davies, M., Khunti, K. & Edwardson, C. L. (2016) Sedentary sphere: Wrist-worn accelerometer-brand independent posture classification. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(4), 748-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1440-2440(05)80025-8
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Stahl, S. E., An, H. S., Dinkel, D.M., Noble, J. M. & Lee, J. M. (2016) How accurate are the wrist-based heart rate monitors during walking and running activities? Are they accurate enough? BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 2(1), e000106. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2015-000106
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Sternfeld, B. & Goldman-Rosas, L. (2012). A systematic approach to selecting an appropriate measure of self-reported physical activity or sedentary behavior. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 9(Suppl 1.), S19-S28. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.9.s1.s19
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Tomkinson, G. R. & Olds, T. (2008). Filed tests of fitness. In N. Armstrong & W. van Mechelen (Eds). Pediatric exercise science and medicine (2nd ed.) (pp 109-128.) Oxford University Press.
* The book chapter is available as PDF in Canvas.
(Accepted through BOLK 27.06.22./ AGG - Bibl.)

Troiano, R. P., Pettee Gabriel, K. K., Welk, G. J., Owen, N. & Sternfeld, B. (2012). Reported physical activity and sedentary behavior: Why do you ask? Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 9(Suppl 1.), S68-S75. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.9.s1.s68
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Troiano, R. P., McClain, J. J., Brychta, R. J. & Chen, K. Y. (2014). Evolution of accelerometer methods for physical activity research. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(13), 1019-1023. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2014-093546
* The article is available online: Click here to download.

Trost, S. G., Loprinzi, P. D., Moore, R. & Pfeiffer, K. A. (2011). Comparison of accelerometer cut points for predicting activity intensity in youth. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(7), 1360-1368. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e318206476e
* The article is available online: Click here to download.
 
Warren, J. M., Ekelund, U., Besson, H., Mezzani, A., Geladas, N. & Vanhees, L. (2010). Assessment of physical activity - a review of methodologies with reference to epidemiological research: A report of the exercise physiology section of the European Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, 17(2), 127-139. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJR.0b013e32832ed875
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